This type of research is attempts to provide archaeology with a theoretical framework based on scientific method.SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: astroarchaeology CATEGORY: branch DEFINITION: The study of the relationship between prehistoric knowledge of astronomical events through calendars, observatory sites, and astronomical images in art and past cultural behavior.The field includes the study of mathematical correlations between archaeological features and the movements of celestial bodies.
that involves isolating, describing, and structuring data, usually by typological classification, along with chronological, functional, technological, and constituent determinations.
The research involves artifactual and nonartifactual data.
The method evolved from the tendency to formalize the archaeological process, especially through the work of LR Binford, DL Clarke, and JC Gardin.
Computer science and mathematics are used to elaborate the means for transforming simple descriptions of archaeological data into cultural, economic, and social reconstructions of earlier societies.
Ancient astronomical knowledge can be inferred through the study of the alignments and other aspects of these archaeological sites.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: archeology (from archaia"CATEGORY: and "logos"DEFINITION: science knowledge or theory)" branch The scientific study and reconstruction of the human past through the systematic recovery of the physical remains of man's life and cultures.Artifacts, structures, settlements, materials, and features of prehistoric or ancient peoples are surveyed and / or excavated to uncover history in times before written records.Archaeology also supplements the study of recorded history.From the end of the 18th century onwards, archaeology has come to mean the branch of learning which studies the material remains of man's past.Its scope is, therefore, enormous, ranging from the first stone tools made and fashioned by man over 3 million years ago in Africa, to the garbage thrown into our trash cans and taken to city dumps and incinerators yesterday.The objectives of archaeology are to construct cultural history by ordering and describing the events of the past, study cultural process to explain the meaning of those events and what underlies and conditions human behavior, and reconstruct past lifeways.